Project finance is the funding of long-term infrastructure, industrial projects and public services using a financial structure which is either a non-recourse or a limited recourse. The debt and equity used to finance the project are then paid back from the cash flow generated by the overall project.
Majorly Financing involves the mobilization of debt, hedges, contingent equity, and a variety of limited guarantees through a partnership or a newly organized company for the purpose of building a capital-intensive facility. It is the funding of industrial projects, indelible foundation, and public services. With Project Financing, a company may arrange for a loan based on the cash flow generated at the end of a project while using the rights, assets, and interests of the concerned project as collateral.
Project finance is a financial structure which is a set of security arrangements to reduce risk in large infrastructure investments or capital-intensive projects, such as dams, railways, highways, pipelines, roads and highways, mineral processing facilities, large-scale fiber optic networks, electric power generating facilities and many others in industrial areas and developing countries. These are the arrangements made between suppliers & constructors, banks financial institutions, host government, an operator between the project sponsors and the clients or their agencies.
Off takers, banks & financial institutions, host government, special purpose vehicle (spv) are the parties involved in project finance and in transaction flow of project finance. Financing the special purpose vehicle is linked to the numerous participants such as, for example, the constructor, the operator, the clients, and the suppliers, in order to assure the anticipated cost or the future revenue.
It includes at least two main parties, one that raises the funds and is a shareholder in the project company , the project sponsor and one that provides funding via appropriate financial instruments, such as loans or bonds that relies primarily on the project's cash flow for repayment, with the project's assets, rights and interest held as secondary pledge.